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How to add multiple CSS classes in React

Sep 8, 2021Abhishek EH3 Min Read
How to add multiple CSS classes in React

You might have come across scenarios where you would want to add multiple CSS classes to an HTML element based on some condition. In this tutorial, we will see different ways of adding multiple CSS classes in React.

Setting up the project

Create a new react app using the following command:

1npx create-react-app react-multiple-class

Update index.css with the following styles, which will be used in demonstrating how to use multiple classes:

index.css
1body {
2 margin: 10px auto;
3 max-width: 800px;
4}
5
6.box {
7 border: 1px solid;
8 border-radius: 5px;
9 padding: 1rem;
10 margin: 0.5rem;
11}
12
13.success {
14 color: #0f5132;
15 background-color: #d1e7dd;
16 border-color: #badbcc;
17}
18
19.error {
20 color: #842029;
21 background-color: #f8d7da;
22 border-color: #f5c2c7;
23}
24
25.warning {
26 color: #664d03;
27 background-color: #fff3cd;
28 border-color: #ffecb5;
29}

Adding classes statically

Adding classes statically is straightforward and is the same as how we add them in HTML.

Update the App.js component as shown below:

App.js
1function App() {
2 return <div className="box success">This is a success message</div>
3}
4
5export default App

If you run the application now, you should be able to see that both the classes 'box' and 'success' applied.

static classes

Adding classes dynamically

Most of the time you would want to add a class dynamically based on some condition. There are multiple ways in which this can be achieved:

Using String Interpolation (Template Literals)

Template strings can be used when you need to evaluate certain expressions and output the result:

App.js
1import { useState } from "react"
2
3function App() {
4 const [isWarning] = useState(true)
5 return (
6 <>
7 <div className="box success">This is a success message</div>
8 <div className={`box ${isWarning === true && "warning"}`}>
9 This is a warning message
10 </div>
11 </>
12 )
13}
14
15export default App

In the above example, warning class will be added only when the isWarning state is true. Alternatively, we could write this as box ${isWarning && "warning"} as we don't need to explicitly check since isWarning is boolean.

Using props from the parent component

We can use the props passed from the parent component and use it in providing the class name:

App.js
1const ChildComp = props => {
2 return <div className={`box ${props.status}`}>This is an error message</div>
3}
4
5function App() {
6 return <ChildComp status="error" />
7}
8
9export default App

Using classnames library

There is a handy library named classnames, which can be used if there are many classes and complex conditions.

First, let's install the package in our project using the following command:

1yarn add classnames

Now use it in the App.js as follows:

App.js
1import classNames from "classnames"
2import { useState } from "react"
3
4function App() {
5 const [isWarning] = useState(true)
6 return (
7 <div className={classNames("box", { warning: isWarning })}>
8 This is a warning message
9 </div>
10 )
11}
12
13export default App

Here since the value of isWarning is true, the 'warning' class will be added to the div.

Classnames library can take a lot of arguments as shown below:

1classNames("foo", { bar: true, duck: false }, "baz", { quux: true }) // => 'foo bar baz quux'

Source code

You can view the source code here.

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