python

# Python If Else shorthand with examples

Apr 8, 2023Abhishek EH2 Min Read Have you ever wondered if you can write if else statements in the same line like a ternary operator: `x=a>10?"greater":"not greater"` in Python?

In this article, we will see how to write Shorthands for if else statements in Python.

## Simple if condition

We can write a simple if condition in Python as shown below:

`1x = 102if x > 5:3  print("greater than 5")`

There are no shorthands for simple if statements.

## If else statements

Consider the following if else statement:

`1x = 102if x%2 == 0:3  print("Even")4else:5  print("Odd")`

We can shorten it as shown below:

`1x = 102print("Even") if x%2 == 0 else print("Odd")`

The syntax here is

`action_if_true if condition else action_if_false`

You can assign the result to a variable as well:

`1age = 202status = "adult" if age >= 18 else "minor"3print(status)`

In Python you can write an else-if ladder as shown below:

`1x = 102if x > 5:3  print("greater than 5")4elif x==5:5  print("equal to 5")6else:7  print("less than 5")`

The shorthand for the else-if ladder would be:

`1x=42print("greater than 5") if x > 5 else  print("equal to 5") if x==5 else print("less than 5")`

## Using tuples as a ternary operator

Python has the following syntax to assign the boolean value of the result. However, this is a confusing syntax and is not used widely.

`1x = 52is_five = (False, True)[x == 5]3print(is_five)`

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