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Have you recently upgraded to Django v4 and received the following error?
1ImportError: cannot import name 'force_text' from 'django.utils.encoding'
In this article, we will see how to fix the issue.
You are receiving this error because in the latest version (v4) of Django
force_text function has been removed.
There is an alias function for
force_text, which is called
force_str. You can use it to fix this error:
1from django.utils.encoding import force_str2str_1 = force_str(s)
There are many Django packages which use the
So if you are using any of these packages and getting the error, you need to upgrade them:
1pip install --upgrade graphene-django2pip install --upgrade djangorestframework-simplejwt3pip install --upgrade django-smart-selects4pip install --upgrade django-elasticsearch-dsl5pip install --upgrade django-debug-toolbar
This should be your last resort. Say for some reason you are not able to upgrade the libraries or use
force_str function, you can choose this method.
1pip install 'django<4' --force-reinstall
You can confirm if it is downgraded using the following command:
1pip show django
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